Encephalitis from lychees kills 31 children in India: official

Publish: 8:38 PM, June 12, 2019 | Update: 8:38:PM, June 12, 2019

PATNA, India, – At least 31 children have died in
northern India in the last 10 days from a deadly brain disease believed
linked to a toxic substance found in lychee fruit, health officials said
Wednesday.

The deaths were reported from two hospitals in Bihar state’s Muzaffarpur
district, famed for it lush lychee orchards, officials said.

The children all showed symptoms of Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES),
senior health official Ashok Kumar Singh told AFP, adding most had suffered a
sudden loss of glucose in their blood.

“The health department has already issued an advisory for people to take
care of their children during the hot summer when day temperature is above 40
degreed Celsius (104 Fahrenheit),” Singh said.

At least 40 other children complaining of similar symptoms were being
treated at intensive care units.

“We are trying our best to save them,” said S.P. Singh, the chief medical
officer of Sri Krishna Medical College and Hospital.

The outbreaks of the disease have happened annually during summer months
in Muzaffarpur and neighbouring districts since 1995, typically coinciding
with the litchi season.

Known locally as Chamki Bukhar, the disease had claimed a record 150 lives
in 2014.

In 2015, US researchers had said the brain disease could be linked to a
toxic substance found in the exotic fruit.

They also said more study was needed to uncover the cause of the illness,
which leads to seizures, altered mental state and death in more than a third
of cases.

Outbreaks of neurological illness have also been observed in lychee-
growing regions of Bangladesh and Vietnam.