Muhammad Ubaidul Haque
Rohingya community is considered the most persecuted and helpless minority group in the contemporary world. Trending genocide in Myanmar following the 25 August aberrant militant attack on security police station and the torture against the Rohingya community escalated and took the form of an ‘ethnic cleansing’ in textbooks according to the Human Rights Commission of the United Nations. The military of Myanmar and the Buddhist-monks already lead a massive attack on the Rohingya community in the Rakhine state of Myanmar. Thousands of the Rohingyas are killed, houses are burnt, women are raped and people are forcibly ousted from their houses and from their ancestral lands. It seems that Myanmar culls this minority group to ouster forcibly from their own lands.
It is not a sudden attack on them but they have also faced periodic raids designed to ouster them from their land, dating at least as far back as Operation King Dragon in 1978, with more recent pogroms in 1991 and 2012. Since 2012, smaller spates of violence have erupted, each time accompanied by reports of government and mob-led village raids and burnings, rapes and murders and ever-increasing restrictions on Rohingya movement and activity. Portraying the ante 25 August image, where they have been cultivating paddy with a dream of survival and existence in their ancestral homes, farmers have been passing busy times in their agricultural lands, the livelihood was pretty normal, although there was uncertainty but was not much terrible than that of the present. Mob-led joint attacks of military and Buddhist monks made the situation worsened dramatically.
Then influx began towards Bangladesh while the Bangladeshi responded firstly by denying their access and pushed back some Rohinghys towards Myanmar territory. But after few days the situation became so devastating, terrible, Bangladesh cannot but opened its border. As a result the number of Rohingya influx rose over 600,000 and it is increasing day by day. Various international, national, local and community level organizations extended their support and the individuals also standing beside the distressed Rohingya people. All the supports and reliefs are insufficient as the high need and crisis prevailing at the shelter camps. People are facing different types of challenges as there are a lot of injured people, mentally devastated raped women, malnutrition among women and children, lack of pure drinking water and sanitation problem are making the overall situation more challenging and devastating. Bangladesh with the help of various countries and organizations apparently could manage the situation for a short term but it is not the ultimate solution. There are more than 70,000 women are pregnant!
Only two months passed but the tenure of their existence in Bangladesh is uncertain because of Myanmar government’s frequent denial over the allegation of genocide and torture against the Rohingya community. Even they don’t recognize them as Rohingya or as the inhabitants of the Rakhine state. From the very beginning, prime minister of Bangladesh delivered a courageous speech before the international community to accommodate the Rohingya people. Gradually the situation began changing and the international community is in favor of Bangladesh and expressed solidarity with the Rohinghya people. The progress of their repatriation process yet not in a satisfactory level, Home Minister of Bangladesh visited Myanmar and the representative of Myanmar Sate Councilor visited us, however, the brutality is still in practice.
But, some powerful countries like China, India and Russia a little bit flexible now but not whole hearted with Bangladesh on the issue.
UN Security Council has been doing nothing against the Myanmar except the support of China and Russia.
The environmental challenge also serious as their accommodation destroyed hills and forests and the long time impact is really dangerous for Bangladesh.
In order to end this crisis broad based consensus of the world community is needed and willingness of Myanmar government is important. Implementation of Kofi Annan Commission Report and permanent supervision and monitoring of the United Nations and International community should be ensured.
Prime minister Sheikh has proposed five-point addressing the issue at the 72nd UNGA session on September 21 seems to be most reasonable and acceptable: 1. Myanmar must unconditionally stop the violence and the practice of ethnic cleansing in the Rakhine State immediately and forever. 2. Secretary General of the United Nations should immediately send a Fact-Finding Mission to Myanmar. 3. All civilians irrespective of religion and ethnicity must be protected in Myanmar. For that “safe zones” could be created inside Myanmar under United Nations’ supervision. 4. Ensure sustainable return of all forcibly displaced Rohingyas in Bangladesh to their homes in Myanmar. 5. The recommendations of Kofi Annan Commission Report must be immediately implemented unconditionally and in its entirety.
If there are any better proposals to mitigate the humanitarian problem, it should be coincided or merged with it which could lead to ensuring safety and security not only of the Rohingya community, Bangladesh but also of the whole region. So, pointing out so that the crisis could be fixed immediately and permanently. In this regard, Bangladesh should raise its voice strongly and must work relentlessly till the end.
The writer is a MSS student at the Department of Public Administration of University of Dhaka and Youth Network Manager at Physically-challenged Development Foundation (PDF).