Donald Trump’s exchange with Taiwan’s leader broke with nearly four decades of the ‘one China’ policy.
Last week, the US President-elect Donald Trump accepted a phone call from Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen and discussed common economic and security interests with Taipei. The phone call also offered Tsai an opportunity to congratulate Trump on his surprising election victory last month over Democratic favourite Hillary Clinton.
Normally such a call would be benign, but due to the delicate role Taiwan plays in relations between China and the United States, the call has raised alarm bells on the clarity and caution by which Trump will conduct his relations with the world’s second biggest economy.
Having a direct exchange with the Taiwanese leader broke with the “one-China” policy to which the US has adhered for nearly four decades. Acceptance of this policy over the years has been bipartisan and not breached even during the low points in Washington’s ties with Beijing.
China regards Taiwan as part of its inherent territory and has always been tough on attempts by either Taipei or the international community to legitimatise its status as independent. Washington’s relationship with Taipei is most sensitive due to its security guarantees and support for Taiwan – enshrined in the 1979 Taiwan Relations Act. Beijing has responded to Trump’s move with concern but also caution, with Foreign Minister Wang Yi directing the blame towards Taiwan by describing the phone callas a “petty trick” by Tsai. Beijing also directed “solemn representations” to US diplomatic officials – a reminder of Taiwan’s integral part of the grand bargain of the “one-China policy”, and US-China relations more broadly.
Trump has looked to shift the attention towards Taipei – stressing that the exchange originated from Taiwan. This is a dangerous move as it provides an opening and justification for Beijing to turn the screws harder on the Tsai government. Cross-strait ties were already floundering after Tsai’s election back in January, through which her Democratic Progressive Party, with a large pro-independence support base, was catapulted into power, curbing decades of political control by the nationalist Kuomintang party. Tsai’s ability to secure an exchange with the next US president is thus a blessing and a curse, as it draws Washington closer on the one hand but opens the gates to more potential conflict with the Chinese mainland. In typical Trump fashion, the president-elect is unapologetic and resents criticism from Beijing and the US foreign policy elite. Indeed, Trump publicly lambasted Beijing for daring to criticise his conversation with Taipei: “Did China ask us [the US] if it was OK to devalue their currency (making it hard for our companies to compete), heavily tax our products going into their country (the US doesn’t tax them) or build a massive military complex in the middle of the South China Sea? I don’t think so!”
Why would Trump look to break away from decades of established US policy? The approach to Taiwan is an example that further clouds how Trump might govern US interests in Asia. Indeed, he and his advisers may be looking to “shake up” China policy and derail the attitude Beijing has adopted, especially over the past eight years, that it can essentially have carte-blanche on regional security matters with little real interference from Washington.
That said, it is important not to overstate any shifts. Trump’s exchange with Tsai may be an example of diplomatic naivety and his “shoot-from-the-hip” style, rather than any calculated plan to upend decades of US-China policy (abridged).
The author is the director of the Council on International Policy and is a fellow on East Asia for the EastWest Institute.
Source : Al Jazeera